Characterization of pili nut (Canarium ovatum) oil: Fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition and physicochemical properties

  title={Characterization of pili nut (Canarium ovatum) oil: Fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition and physicochemical properties},
  author={Yukio Kak{\`u}da and Firouz Jahaniaval and Massimo Marcone and Lourdes S. Montevirgen and Quintin Montevirgen and Jose Umali},
  journal={Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society},
The fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition of pili nut (Canarium ovatum) oil and fractions were analyzed by gas chromatography and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, respectively. The oil obtained by solvent extraction was low in polyunsaturated fatty acids and high in saturates. The polyunsaturated fatty acid (18∶2 and 18∶3) contents were less than 11%, whereas palmitic (16∶0) and stearic acid (18∶0) were 33.3 and 10.9%, respectively. The saturated fatty acid level of… 
The pili fruit kernel, an under-utilized tropical African fruit kernel, was analyzed for its fatty acid and amino acid compositions. The result revealed a total unsaturated fatty acid composition of
Protective Effect of Pulp Oil Extracted from Canarium odontophyllum Miq. Fruit on Blood Lipids, Lipid Peroxidation, and Antioxidant Status in Healthy Rabbits
Oils of CO could be beneficial in improving lipid profile and antioxidant status as when using part of normal diet, and can be used as alternative to present vegetable oil.
Heavy metal and microbiological profiles of defatted pili (Canarium ovatum, Engl.) pulp meal residue and acute oral toxicity of its ethanolic extract in mice
  • 2017
Canarium ovatum, Engl. (Burseraceae) or Pili is a valued indigenous fruit tree crop in the Philippines. The defatted pili pulp meal, a mixture of fruit peel and pulp that remains after pili pulp oil
Oil-binding capacity of plastic fats: Effects of intermediate melting point TAG
The oil-binding capacity (OBC) of fat crystals was investigated as a function of intermediate melting point TAG (IMP-TAG) and stearin composition. Samples were prepared by melting 14% hard fraction
Proposition de classement des sources végétales d’acides gras en fonction de leur profil nutritionnel
The role of isolated fatty acids on human health has long been studied by the nutritionists. The consequence of this research for the food industry was a need for a better control of the lipidic
Philippine Pili (Canarium ovatum, Engl.) varieties as source of essential minerals and trace elements in human nutrition
Abstract Macro and micro mineral profiles as well as potential toxic metals of both pulp and kernel of seven Pili nut (Canarium ovatum) varieties were established. Further, bioavailability was
Direct ethanolic extraction of polar lipids and fractional crystallization from whey protein phospholipid concentrate
Abstract Polar lipids, including sphingomyelin (SM) and other sphingolipids, have nutritional implications in many important metabolic pathways. Milk and whey are valuable sources of these bioactive
Fatty acid profiles of 80 vegetable oils with regard to their nutritional potential
The current concern for fat intake in western countries has raised the question of the individual fatty acid (FA) impact on health. This important issue has strengthened the awareness of
Triterpenes and Acylglycerols from Canarium ovatum
One of the family Burseraceae and locally known as pili is indigenous to the Philippines where the roasted or candied nuts are sold commercially and the oil from the pulp is used for cooking and lighting.
Enzymatic and other modification techniques to produce cocoa butter alternatives
Publisher Summary Cocoa butter (CB) is an essential ingredient in chocolate as it forms the continuous phase of chocolate. It is responsible for the gloss, texture, and typical melting behavior of


Selective mobilization of fatty acids from white fat cells: evidence for a relationship to the polarity of triacylglycerols.
  • T. Raclot
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    The Biochemical journal
  • 1997
The study shows that the relative enrichment of fatty acids in the most polar adipose tissue TAGs is consistent with their relative mobilization rates, which supports the hypothesis and raises the possibility that the molecular species of TAGs might be one of the regulating factors.
Über den Anbau von Pilinuß conorium ovatum und die Fettsäuren‐und Triglycerid‐Zusammensetzung des Öls
Es wird uber den Anbau von Pilinus conorium ovatum und die Fettsauren- und Triglycerid-Zusammensetzung des Pilinusols berichtet. Kennzeichnend fur dies Ol ist der hohe Palmitinsauregehalt. Auserdem
Gas chromatography of triacylglycerols in palm oil fractions with medium-polarity wide-bore columns
Wide-bore (WBOT, 0.53 mm i.d.) capillary columns, operated with helium carrier gas, are a viable alternative to narrow-bore (0.25 mm i.d.) equivalents operated with hydrogen carrier gas in
Margarine and margarine oil, formulation and control
The formulation and control of margarine and margarine oils is based primarily on an understanding of the relationships between specific physical measurements and the compositions of the oils blends