Characterization of low-pathogenicity H5N1 avian influenza viruses from North America.

Abstract

Wild-bird surveillance in North America for avian influenza (AI) viruses with a goal of early identification of the Asian H5N1 highly pathogenic AI virus has identified at least six low-pathogenicity H5N1 AI viruses between 2004 and 2006. The hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes from all 6 H5N1 viruses and an additional 38 North American wild… (More)

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@article{Spackman2007CharacterizationOL, title={Characterization of low-pathogenicity H5N1 avian influenza viruses from North America.}, author={Erica Spackman and David E. Swayne and David Suarez and Dennis A. Senne and Janice C. Pedersen and Mary Lea Killian and J Pasick and Katherine Handel and Smitha Pankajavally Somanathan Pillai and Chang W. Lee and David E. Stallknecht and Richard D. Slemons and Hon S Ip and Tom Deliberto}, journal={Journal of virology}, year={2007}, volume={81 21}, pages={11612-9} }