Twenty-Eight Years of Poliovirus Replication in an Immunodeficient Individual: Impact on the Global Polio Eradication Initiative
Formaldehyde-inactivated virus samples from type 1 poliovirus live-attenuated strains were prepared in the laboratory. The effect of treatment with formaldehyde on virus infectivity and immunogenicity in mice was investigated and the results compared with those from Mahoney wild-type poliovirus strain, the common type 1 component in commercial inactivated polio vaccines (IPV). Differences in the potency and specificity between these experimental vaccines were identified in both normal mice and transgenic mice expressing the human poliovirus receptor. The possible advantages/disadvantages of using live-attenuated strains for IPV production are discussed in the context of the global polio eradication initiative. A novel transgenic mouse model to study in vivo the immune protection induced by IPV preparations is described.