Characterization of anti-Z-RNA polyclonal antibodies: epitope properties and recognition of Z-DNA.


Chemically brominated poly[r(C-G)] [Br-poly[r(C-G)]] containing 32% br8G and 26% br5C was recently shown to contain a 1:1 mixture of A- and Z-form unmodified nucleotides under physiological conditions of temperature, pH, and ionic strength [Hardin, C. C., Zarling, D. A., Puglisi, J. D., Trulson, M. O., Davis, P. W., & Tinoco, I., Jr. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 5191-5199]. Proton NMR results show that more extensive bromination of poly[r(C-G)] (49% br8G, 43% br5C) produces polynucleotides containing greater than 80% unmodified Z-form nucleotides. Using these polynucleotides as antigens, polyclonal antibodies were elicited in rabbits and mice specific for the Z-form of RNA. IgG fractions were purified from rabbit anti-Br-poly[r(C-G)] sera and characterized by immunoprecipitation, nitrocellulose filter binding, and ELISA. Two different anti-Z-RNA IgG specificities were observed. Decreased levels of brominated nucleotides in the immunogen correlated with an increased extent of specific cross-reactivity with Z-DNA. Inoculation of rabbits with polynucleotide immunogens containing 49% br8G and 43% of br5C produced specific anti-Z-RNA IgGs that do not recognize Z-DNA determinants. This suggests that the 2'-OH group is part of the anti-Z-RNA IgG determinant. In contrast, Br-poly[r(C-G)] immunogens containing 32% br8G and 26% br5C produced IgGs that specifically recognize both Z-RNA and Z-DNA. These results show that the bromine atoms are not required for recognition of the Z conformation by the antibodies. The affinity of these anti-Z-RNA IgGs for Z-RNA is about 10-fold higher than for Z-DNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Hardin1988CharacterizationOA, title={Characterization of anti-Z-RNA polyclonal antibodies: epitope properties and recognition of Z-DNA.}, author={Charles C. Hardin and David A. Zarling and S K Wolk and Warren Steven Ross and Ignacio Tinoco}, journal={Biochemistry}, year={1988}, volume={27 11}, pages={4169-77} }