Characterization of a novel form of progressive retinal atrophy in Whippet dogs: a clinical, electroretinographic, and breeding study.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To describe a form of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in Whippets including clinical, electroretinographic, optical coherence tomographic changes and pedigree analysis. ANIMALS STUDIED Client-owned Whippet dogs (n = 51) living in Brazil. PROCEDURES All animals were submitted for routine ophthalmic screening for presumed inherited ocular disease, which included the following: visual tests, such as obstacle course tests, in scotopic and photopic conditions, cotton ball test, dazzle reflex, ocular fundus evaluation by indirect ophthalmoscopy followed by fundus photography. Additionally, electroretinography (ERG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed in 24 and four dogs, respectively. RESULTS Sixteen dogs were diagnosed with PRA. Vision deficits in dim light were detected in dogs examined at a young age associated with nystagmus. Funduscopic changes included the development of multifocal retinal bullae from 6 months of age. Retinal thinning became apparent later, at which time the bullae were no longer detected. OCT examination of selected young dogs revealed that the retinal bullae were due to separation between photoreceptors and the retinal pigment epithelium, and of dogs with more advanced disease confirmed the development of retinal thinning. Electroretinography in young dogs revealed a negative ERG due to a lack of b-wave in both scotopic and photopic recordings. With progression, the ERG became unrecordable. Pedigree analysis suggested an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. CONCLUSION The retinal dystrophy reported here in Whippet dogs has a unique phenotype of an initial lack of ERG b-wave, development of retinal bullae then a progressive generalized retinal degeneration.

DOI: 10.1111/vop.12448

Cite this paper

@article{Somma2017CharacterizationOA, title={Characterization of a novel form of progressive retinal atrophy in Whippet dogs: a clinical, electroretinographic, and breeding study.}, author={Andr{\'e} Tavares Somma and Juan Carlos Duque Moreno and M{\'a}rio Teruo Sato and Blanche Dreher Rodrigues and Marianna Bacellar-Galdino and Laurence Mireille Occelli and Simon Michael Petersen-Jones and Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira}, journal={Veterinary ophthalmology}, year={2017}, volume={20 5}, pages={450-459} }