Characterization of a freezing/melting transition in a vibrated and sheared granular medium

@inproceedings{Daniels2006CharacterizationOA,
  title={Characterization of a freezing/melting transition in a vibrated and sheared granular medium},
  author={Karen E. Daniels and Robert P Behringer},
  year={2006}
}
We describe experiments on monodisperse spherical particles in an annular cell geometry, vibrated from below and sheared from above. This system shows a freezing/melting transition such that under sufficient vibration a crystallized state is observed, which can be melted by sufficient shear. We characterize the hysteretic transition between these two states, and observe features reminiscent of both a jamming transition and critical phenomena. 
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