[Characterization of N-glycosylation in an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody produced by different expression systems].

Abstract

The use of mammalian expression systems results in a remarkable heterogeneity of mAb products, generally due to post-translational modifications, and glycosylation is a critical post-translation modification because it has a profound impact on the safety and efficacy of mAbs. The present study was designed to explore the impact of a different expression system on mAb N-glycosylation. The detailed structures of individual glycans between anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies produced by different expression systems were successfully characterized at the level of free oligosaccharides using liquid chromatography electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-fight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-QTof MS). An alternating low and elevated collision energy scan, in source collision-induced dissociation and MS/MS in combination with exoglycosidase digestion method was also adopted. The combined data revealed that the Fab region of anti-EGFR antibody produced by CHO cell expression system had a pattern of glycosylation differing from that of the SP2/0 cell expression system whereas the Fc region remained basically unchanged. We confirmed that anti-EGFR antibody produced by SP2/0 cell expression system had a much more diverse mixture of glycans with α-Gal and an undesired, aberrant form of sialylation N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NGNA). The α-Gal was absent in mAb produced by CHO cell expression system containing sialic acid predominantly N-acetyl neuraminic acid (NANA) which is the desired, normal human-type sialylation. This study theoretically predicts that anti-EGFR antibody produced by CHO cell expression system may show better clinical tolerance, and very low potential for active hypersensitivity reactions, CHO cell lines can be the preferred expression system for producing anti-EGFR biobetter.

DOI: 10.13345/j.cjb.170074

Cite this paper

@article{Wang2017CharacterizationON, title={[Characterization of N-glycosylation in an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody produced by different expression systems].}, author={Chong Wang and Huaizu Guo}, journal={Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology}, year={2017}, volume={33 6}, pages={1018-1027} }