Characteristics and Effectiveness of Fall Prevention Programs in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

@article{Vlaeyen2015CharacteristicsAE,
  title={Characteristics and Effectiveness of Fall Prevention Programs in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials},
  author={Ellen Vlaeyen and Joke Coussement and Greet Leysens and Elisa Van der Elst and Kim Delbaere and Dirk Cambier and Kris Denhaerynck and Stefan Goemaere and Arlette Wertelaers and Fabienne Dobbels and Eddy Dejaeger and Koen Milisen},
  journal={Journal of the American Geriatrics Society},
  year={2015},
  volume={63},
  pages={211 - 221}
}
OBJECTIVES To determine characteristics and effectiveness of prevention programs on fall-related outcomes in a defined setting. [] Key MethodDESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING A clearly described subgroup of nursing homes defined as residential facilities that provide 24-hour-a-day surveillance, personal care, and limited clinical care for persons who are typically elderly and infirm. PARTICIPANTS Nursing home residents (N = 22,915).
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The results of the systematic review and meta-analysis suggested that exercise did not play a role in preventing falls and further studies with high quality and larger samples are required to support or counter the results.
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To quantify the variation in hip fracture incidence across U.S. nursing home (NH) facilities and states and examine how hip fracture occurrence varies according to facility‐ and state‐level characteristics, a database of hip fracture cases in NH and states is constructed.
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How Can We Prevent Falls?
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