Characteristic Ground-Reaction Forces in Baseball Pitching

@article{MacWilliams1998CharacteristicGF,
  title={Characteristic Ground-Reaction Forces in Baseball Pitching},
  author={Bruce A. MacWilliams and Tony Choi and Mark K. Perezous and Edmund Y. S. Chao and Edward G. McFarland},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={1998},
  volume={26},
  pages={66 - 71}
}
Overhand throwing requires contributions from and interaction between all limb segments. Most previous investigations have concentrated on the throwing arm itself, yet poor mechanics at the arm may originate in the lower extremities. Multicomponent ground-reaction forces of both the push-off and landing limbs were measured in six collegiate and one high school level baseball pitchers. Full body kinematics were simultaneously recorded to correlate phases in the pitching cycle with the force data… 

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