Character identification in evolutionary biology: The role of the organism

@article{Wagner2000CharacterII,
  title={Character identification in evolutionary biology: The role of the organism},
  author={G{\"u}nter P. Wagner and Manfred D. Laubichler},
  journal={Theory in Biosciences},
  year={2000},
  volume={119},
  pages={20-40}
}
In this article we argue that an organismic perspective in character identification can alleviate a structural deficiency of mathematical models in biology relative to the ones in the physical sciences. The problem with many biological theories is that they do not contain the conditions of their validity or a method of identifying objects that are appropriate instances of the models. Here functionally important biological characters are introduced as conceptual abstractions derived within the… CONTINUE READING