Character Strengths and Virtues of Developing Military Leaders: An International Comparison

  title={Character Strengths and Virtues of Developing Military Leaders: An International Comparison},
  author={Michael D. Matthews and Jarle Eid and Dennis R. Kelly and Jennifer K. S. Bailey and Christopher Peterson},
  journal={Military Psychology},
  pages={S57 - S68}
Positive character strengths, virtues, and values are touted in military doctrine as critical for effective leadership, yet little evidence exists describing such traits in military samples. This study compared West Point cadets (N = 103), Norwegian Naval Academy cadets (N = 141), and U.S. civilians aged 18 to 21 (N = 838) with respect to 24 character strengths. Results generally showed that the absolute scores of West Point cadets were higher than either of the other 2 groups. However, when… 
The influence of resilience and expressive flexibility on character strengths and virtues on military leadership in U.S. Military cadets
Introduction: Character strengths and virtues are greatly revered in military leadership. However, there is no empirical work assessing the relationship of resilience and expressive flexibility, two
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Cadets with the higher levels of academic or military performance in their last year, i.e., the cadets best adapted to the academy, reportedHigher levels of the character strength of persistence when compared to low-performing cadets in the same year of study.
The Big 12: The Most Important Character Strengths for Military Officers
The Norwegian Military Academy’s main role is to educate future military leaders for the Norwegian Army. After graduating from the Norwegian Military Academy, these leaders will most likely have to
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ABSTRACT Research about the structure of character has largely assessed purported universal attributes. However, character develops within specific social, cultural and institutional contexts. As
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The publication of the book so-called “Manual of the Sanities” (Peterson and Seligman, Character strengths and virtues: a handbook and classification, vol. xiv. Oxford University Press, New York,
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Abstract : At the U.S. Army's Command and General Staff College (USACGSC), students are charged with balancing their lives in terms of mind, body, and spirit. Though self-development tools are
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Abstract A paucity of literature exists on the processes of character development within diverse contexts. In this article, the authors use the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) as


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There are relatively few studies regarding factors that predict success among female midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA). This study examined the personality characteristics of 1,568 women
An Adjective Check List Scale to Predict Military Leadership
The 300-item Adjective Check List is proposed as a useful device for cross-cultural research. This study evaluated the ACL as a predictor of leadership ratings in two Italian officer training
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To broaden our conceptual framework for understanding cultural differences, the present article reports two studies that examined whether pancultural dimensions based on general beliefs, or social
Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification
The classification of strengths presented in this book is intended to reclaim the study of character and virtue as legitimate topics of psychological inquiry and informed societal discourse. By
Dispositional Optimism and Self-Assessed Situation Awareness in a Norwegian Military Training Exercise
The analysis indicated that dispositional optimism correlated negatively with situation awareness under these conditions, and the role of intrapersonal variables in mediating situation awareness and decision-making in stressful situations is discussed.
Culture-Level Dimensions of Social Axioms and Their Correlates across 41 Cultures
Leung and colleagues have revealed a five-dimensional structure of social axioms across individuals from five cultural groups. The present research was designed to reveal the culture level factor
Feeling Good about Ourselves
The “better-than-average” effect, the tendency for people to view themselves as above average on positive characteristics but belowaverage on negative characteristics, is an important manifestation
Leadership in Organizations.
This book presents a meta-leadership framework for a post-modern view of leadership that considers the role of language, identity, and self-consistency in the development of leaders.
Leadership in organizations (4th ed.)
  • Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall
  • 2002