Chapter Nine: Sub-Saharan Africa

  title={Chapter Nine: Sub-Saharan Africa},
  journal={The Military Balance},
  pages={444 - 514}
  • Published 1 January 2020
  • Political Science
  • The Military Balance
The African Union continues to work towards harmonising its African Standby Force concept with the range of ad hoc groupings that have developed, such as the G-5 Sahel and the Multi-National Joint Task Force combating Boko Haram. Despite increasing international commitment, and amid persistent military operations, the security situation in West Africa and the Sahel region continues to deteriorate. 


Security and law-enforcement spending