Chapter III. Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe for the Environment

  title={Chapter III. Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe for the Environment},
  author={Alexey V. Yablokov and Vassily B. Nesterenko and Alexey V. Nesterenko},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
Air particulate activity over all of the Northern Hemisphere reached its highest levels since the termination of nuclear weapons testing—sometimes up to 1 million times higher than before the Chernobyl contamination. There were essential changes in the ionic, aerosol, and gas structure of the surface air in the heavily contaminated territories, as measured by electroconductivity and air radiolysis. Many years after the catastrophe aerosols from forest fires have dispersed hundreds of kilometers… 
Comparison of the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents: a review of the environmental impacts.
Chernobyl ' s wildlife Landscape portrait : A look at the impacts of radioactive contaminants on
The Chernobyl accident of 1986 released vast quantities of radioactive materials and significantly contaminated about 200,000 square kilometers of land. The Chernobyl Forum Report, an initiative of
An overview of Fukushima radionuclides measured in the northern hemisphere.
Radioactive contamination of aquatic insects in a stream impacted by the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident
Contamination by the radioactive Cs differed by species, location and stream velocity, with more extensive studies planned to fully determine the impact of radionuclides on aquatic ecosystems.
From nuclear desert to evolutionary lab: The response of living organisms to Chernobyl's ionising radiation
The 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine caused the worst human-caused release of radioactive material in history. Initial forecasts considered that the area affected by
Chernobyl and Fukushima—where are we now?
  • R. Wakeford
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of radiological protection : official journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
  • 2016
This year, 2016, marks two special events: the 30th anniversary of the explosion that destroyed the Unit 4 reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in northern Ukraine [1], and the 5th
Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents: What have we learned and what have we done?
The aim is to analyze preparedness of Serbia for the event of a new nuclear accident and whether the authors have reason for concern about the construction of new reactors in the NPP Paks 2 in Hungary and to remind both Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi accident.
An Unexpected Mortality Increase in the United States Follows Arrival of the Radioactive Plume from Fukushima: Is There a Correlation?
  • J. Mangano, J. Sherman
  • Environmental Science
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2012
Preliminary preliminary U.S. mortality findings for the four months after Chernobyl fallout arrived in 1986 approximated final figures, but need to be followed up.
Food contamination after the Chernobyl accident: dose assessments and health effects
Several statements from the chapter ‘Radioactive Contamination of Food and People’ are discussed and their reliability questioned and many other unfounded statements in different chapters of the above-named volume are discussed.
Plutonium aided reconstruction of caesium atmospheric fallout in European topsoils
It is shown that both fallout sources left a specific radionuclide imprint in European soils, and plutonium was used to quantify contributions of global versus Chernobyl fallout to 137Cs found in Europe soils.


General Situation of the Radiological Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident in Ukraine
Introduction April 26, 1986, will go into history as the date when the 4th reactor of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station exploded causing radioactive contamination of a wide area practically in all
Chernobyl nuclide record from a North Sea sediment trap
A sediment trap deployed 222-m-deep in the North Sea off Bergen recorded the onset and magnitude of the deposition of Chernobyl nuclides, and the highest total specific activity and highest total activity flux for one day amounted to 50 Bq m−2.
Chernobyl radionuclides in a Black Sea sediment trap
Initial measurements of fallout Chernobyl radionuclides from a time-series sediment trap at 1,071 m during June–September 1986 in the southern Black Sea are presented and the specific activities of 137Cs, 144Ce and 106Ru are presented.
Rapid removal of Chernobyl fallout from Mediterranean surface waters by biological activity
Data is reported which shows conclusively that Chernobyl radioactivity, in particular the rare earth nuclides 141Ce and 144Ce, entering the Mediterranean as a single pulse, was rapidly removed from surface waters and transported to 200m in a few days primarily by zooplankton grazing.
Biological consequences of Chernobyl: 20 years on.
Chernobyl radioactivity persists in fish
The decline in radiocaesium was initially rapid for 3-4 years and was then much slower and about 10% of the initial peak radioactivity declines with an ecological half-life of as long as 8-22 years.
Studies of chernobyl debris in Denmark