Chapter Five: Middle East and North Africa

  title={Chapter Five: Middle East and North Africa},
  journal={The Military Balance},
  pages={229 - 276}
  • Published 1 February 2009
  • Political Science
  • The Military Balance
The security debate in Iraq in late 2008 was dominated by the progress of negotiations on the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) between Washington and Baghdad. This agreement, which was backed by the Iraqi parliament on 27 November, determines the responsibilities and legal status of US personnel in Iraq after the expiry, in December 2008, of the United Nations mandate. The negotiations took place against the backdrop of an overall improvement in security in Iraq, largely since the start of the…