Chapter 8 Propagation and Polarization Characteristics of Single-Mode Fibers 8

  • Published 2011


The invention of the laser in 1960 revolutionized the area of telecommunications, as it made it possible to modulate light waves at high frequencies. Initially, modulated laser beams propagating through open space were used to transmit information from one place to another. However, due to environmental disturbances, such as rain, fog, dust, temperature… (More)

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