Chapter 33: the history of movement disorders.

@article{Lanska2010Chapter3T,
  title={Chapter 33: the history of movement disorders.},
  author={Douglas J. Lanska},
  journal={Handbook of clinical neurology},
  year={2010},
  volume={95},
  pages={
          501-46
        }
}
  • D. Lanska
  • Published 2010
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Handbook of clinical neurology
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While spasticity (or its experimental equivalent) is a symptom of extrapyramidal injury in all mammals, including nonhuman primates, in humans it is a legitimate symptom of pyramidal tract lesion or dysfunction.
Early Illustrations of Geste Antagoniste in Cervical and Generalized Dystonia
TLDR
This work presents a historical review of early reports and illustrations of geste antagoniste, a voluntary maneuver that temporarily reduces the severity of dystonic postures or movements that was used by Brissaud-Meige's pupils in their 1902 monograph on movement disorders.
Dementia in Parkinson's Disease: A Clinical Review
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Chorea in children: etiology, diagnostic approach and management
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The main causes, diagnosis and management of chorea in children, including Sydenham chorea, are reviewed and other etiologies such as dyskinetic cerebral palsy, anti-NMDAR receptor encephalitis, other autoimmune conditions, or mutations in NKX2-1, ADCY-5, FOXG1, GNAO1, and SYT-1 should be considered.
Towards a question of formation mechanisms of muscular hand dystonia
TLDR
Studies on the mechanisms of hand muscle dystonia, as exemplified by writer’s cramp, use genetic and neurophysiologic examinations and the methods of neuroimaging, including functional MRI, positron emission tomography, PET; and three-dimensional kinematic analysis.
The Role of the Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus in Motor Disorders
TLDR
Comprehensive and meticulous, "Animal Models of Movement Disorders" serves as a valuable reference for those studying motor disorders by covering methodologies in detail and providing the information necessary to consider both the appropriate models and assessment tools that can most informatively answer the key experimental issues in the field.
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References

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TLDR
A series of explanatory panels, accompanied by photographs, diagrams and original artifacts that traced the early history of movement disorders from several perspectives are developed.
The subthalamic nucleus in the context of movement disorders.
TLDR
Both STN lesions and high frequency stimulation ameliorate the major motor symptoms of parkinsonism in humans and animal models of Parkinson's disease and reverse certain electrophysiological and metabolic consequences of dopamine depletion.
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Parts of the history of one of the signs that James Parkinson mentioned, that is, tremor, are studied to see how the meaning of this term evolved since its description by Galen, particularly in the period from the 16th to the 18th centuries.
The history of Parkinson's disease: Part 2 of the MDS‐sponsored History of Movement Disorders exhibit, Barcelona, June, 2000
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In this paper, resting tremor, rigidity, and postural reflex embarrassment were succinctly described and the clinical spectrum of Parkinson’s disease was described, noting two prototypes, tremorous and rigid/akinetic forms.
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There are two types of tremor: postural tremor and tremor of attitude, both present while the limb remains immobile, whether by wilful design or when at rest in a position of posture and subject only to the action of gravity.
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TLDR
This investigation has been chiefly directed to finding an answer to the question whether the symptoms of Parkinsonism are chiefly due to lesions in the corpus striatum and globus pallidus or to lesionsIn the pigmented cells of the brain-stem, especially the substantia nigra.
Seminal figures in the history of Movement Disorders: Sydenham, Parkinson, and Charcot: Part 6 of the MDS‐sponsored history of Movement Disorders exhibit, Barcelona, June 2000
TLDR
Especially interested in epidemic illnesses, Sydenham documented the rhythmic periodicity of malaria, scarlatina, and measles, and can be viewed as a very early medical epidemiologist.
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New insights in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease supported the revival of the functional stereotactic neurosurgery and recently caused the introduction of the subthalamic nucleus as a surgical target in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
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During the study of Richardson's patients, Professor Jerzy Olszewski and I observed granulovacuolar degeneration, and widespread nerve cell loss and gliosis in subcortical and brain stem nuclei, and these historical notes tell of the authors' observations from 1955 to 1975.
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