• Corpus ID: 55856381

Chapter 2 Epidemiology of Mental Disorders in Girls and Female Adolescents

  title={Chapter 2 Epidemiology of Mental Disorders in Girls and Female Adolescents},
  author={Lynn Alice Warner and Cynthia L. Bott},
Childhood and adolescence are critical periods for the early identification of psychiatric symptoms and prevention of many mental disorders, including disruptive behavior, mood, and anxiety disorders. Substantial evidence is accumulating from longitudinal birth cohort studies and nationally representative surveys to suggest that there are developmental trajectories of psychiatric problems, many of which onset at young ages. Consequently, effective interventions during early life stages have the… 



Epidemiology and natural course of eating disorders in young women from adolescence to young adulthood.

FS- and PS-ED are associated with substantial comorbidity, treatment seeking, impaired functioning, and risk for psychopathology in young adulthood, and both groups differed significantly from a no-disorder comparison group on most outcome measures.

Mental health, educational, and social role outcomes of adolescents with depression.

There was a direct linkage in which early depression was associated with increased risk of later major depression and anxiety disorders and linkages between early depression and other outcomes appeared to reflect the effects of confounding factors.

Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence.

The risk of having at least 1 psychiatric disorder by age 16 years is much higher than point estimates would suggest and concurrent comorbidity and homotypic and heterotypic continuity are more marked in girls than in boys.

What do childhood anxiety disorders predict?

It appears that children meriting a well-defined diagnosis of GAD are missed by the current rules for the diagnosis of OAD, and future studies should examine whether OAD deserves reconsideration as a nosological entity.

Associations between bipolar disorder and other psychiatric disorders during adolescence and early adulthood: a community-based longitudinal investigation.

Adolescents with anxiety disorders may be at increased risk for bipolar disorder or clinically significant manic symptoms during early adulthood, and adolescent anxiety and depressive disorders were accounted for.

Childhood and adolescent predictors of major depression in the transition to adulthood.

Childhood and adolescent familial and behavioral-emotional predictors of depression that can serve as foci for identifying youth in need of intervention are highlighted.

Relation between anxiety and depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence

Integrating the treatment literature with studies of phenomenology, biology and genetics indicates that pediatric anxiety disorders and depression may share a genetically determined neurobiological component that could involve neural circuits that include or are modulated by serotonergic neurons.

Developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms from early childhood to late adolescence: gender differences and adult outcome.

This study shows the value of estimating growth-mixture models separately for boys and girls with depressive problems during childhood or starting in adolescence are especially at risk for poor outcome as young adults and should be considered candidates for intervention.

Incidence of social anxiety disorder and the consistent risk for secondary depression in the first three decades of life.

Social anxiety disorder is an early, adolescent-onset disorder related to a substantially and consistently increased risk for subsequent depression, and targeted prevention is called for with the aim of reducing the burden of SAD and its consequences.

Persistence of psychiatric disorders in pediatric settings.

Underscoring the importance of family-centered rather than child-centered interventions, boys whose parents reported possible child abuse were more likely to have persistent disorders, and intervention may be particularly crucial when a high number of symptoms and/or both internalizing and externalizing problems are present.