Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview


BACKGROUND The field of nanostructure science and technology is a broad and interdisciplinary area of worldwide research and development activity that has been growing explosively in the past few years. While an understanding of the range and nature of functionalities that can be accessed through nanostructuring is just beginning to unfold, its tremendous potential for revolutionizing the ways in which materials and products are created is already clear. It is already having a significant commercial impact, and it will very certainly have a much greater impact in the future. During the years 1996-98, an eight-person panel under the auspices of the World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) conducted a worldwide study of the research and development status and trends in nanoparticles, nanostructured materials, and nanodevices, or more concisely, nanostructure science and technology. The study was commissioned and sponsored by a wide list for this WTEC study mirrors the broadly based interests in and, in fact, the reality of the field of nanostructure science and technology. The panel study began in 1996, when panel co-chair Prof. and I came to Washington to present our thoughts to WTEC and the sponsors on how the study could best be configured and carried out, given the available resources (time, people, and money). After an extensive discussion with sponsors and potential sponsors of the study, we assembled a team of experts for the panel from industry and university, including Dr. New York at Buffalo). Two of us on the panel, Prof. Koch and I, although presently in universities, had spent large fractions of our careers at Oak Ridge and Argonne National Laboratories, respectively, lending national laboratory perspectives to the study, as well. Biographical sketches of the panel members and other study participants are included in Appendix A of the present volume. The purposes of this study, which the panel determined in conjunction with its sponsors, were to assess the current status and future trends internationally in research and development in the broad and rapidly growing area of nanostructure science and technology. The study had the following four goals: 1. to provide the worldwide science and engineering community with a broadly inclusive and critical view of this field 2. to identify promising areas for future research and commercial development 3. to help stimulate development of an interdisciplinary international community of nanostructure researchers 4. to encourage and identify opportunities for international collaboration Based on these goals, the panel …

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@inproceedings{Siegel1999Chapter1I, title={Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview}, author={Richard W. Siegel and Evelyn Hu}, year={1999} }