Chaotic transport and damping from θ-ruffled separatrices.

@article{Kabantsev2010ChaoticTA,
  title={Chaotic transport and damping from $\theta$-ruffled separatrices.},
  author={Andrey A. Kabantsev and Daniel H. E. Dubin and C. Fred Driscoll and Yu. A. Tsidulko},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2010},
  volume={105 20},
  pages={
          205001
        }
}
Variations in magnetic or electrostatic confinement fields give rise to trapping separatrices, and neoclassical transport theory analyzes effects from collision-induced separatrix crossings. Experiments on pure electron plasmas now quantitatively characterize a broad range of transport and wave damping effects due to "chaotic" separatrix crossings, which occur due to equilibrium plasma rotation across θ-ruffled separatrices, and due to wave-induced separatrix fluctuations. 

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