Chaos on Io: A model for formation of mountain blocks by crustal heating, melting, and tilting

  title={Chaos on Io: A model for formation of mountain blocks by crustal heating, melting, and tilting},
  author={William B. McKinnon and Paul M. Schenk and Andrew J. Dombard},
Mountains are distributed across the surface of Io, the fiercely tidally heated moon of Jupiter. The large crustal thicknesses implied by their great heights can be reconciled with Io's high heat flow, if most of the heat escapes directly via volcanic eruptions (the heat-pipe model), but the origin of the mountains has remained obscure. Recent images show that many of Io's mountains are tilted blocks undergoing tectonic collapse, and we propose here that the volcanic heat-pipe (and continuous… 
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