Changing the Nomenclature/Taxonomy for Intersex: A Scientific and Clinical Rationale

@article{Dreger2005ChangingTN,
  title={Changing the Nomenclature/Taxonomy for Intersex: A Scientific and Clinical Rationale},
  author={Alice Domurat Dreger and Cheryl Chase and Adriana Andrade de Sousa and P A Gruppuso and Joel E. Frader},
  journal={Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism},
  year={2005},
  volume={18},
  pages={729 - 734}
}
We explain here why the standard division of many intersex types into true hermaphroditism, male pseudohermaphroditism, and female pseudohermaphroditism is scientifically specious and clinically problematic. First we provide the history of this tripartite taxonomy and note how the taxonomy predates and largely ignores the modern sciences of genetics and endocrinology. We then note the numerous ways that the existing taxonomy confuses and sometimes harms clinicians, researchers, patients, and… Expand
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Affronting reason
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      Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie. Berlin: Α. Hirschwald, 1876; see