Changing patterns of pension inequality: the shift from state to private sources

  title={Changing patterns of pension inequality: the shift from state to private sources},
  author={J. Royce Ginn and Sara Arber},
  journal={Ageing and Society},
  pages={319 - 342}
Reform of welfare in Britain has sought to shift the balance of pension provision towards the private sector, with consequences for older people's sources of income. The paper uses data from the General Household Survey to examine changes in older people's income from the state and from private pensions from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, focusing on gender and class inequalities. Although state pensions and other benefits remained the major source of income, especially for women, the relative… 

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  • J. Gal
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  • 2002
This paper takes the old-age pension system in Israel as a test case to examine the implications of proposals for pension reform now being debated or implemented in many welfare states. For over a

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The research suggests that minority ethnic groups - especially women - will be disproportionately dependent on means-tested benefits in later life, due to the combined effects of low private pension coverage and the policy of shifting pension provision towards the private sector.

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British women's increasing levels of educational attainment have led to expectations of gender convergence in employment patterns and hence in lifetime earnings and pension income. However, it is not



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Pension reform in Western societies has sought to shift the balance of provision towards the private sector. In Britain, the 1986 Social Security Act marked a watershed in privatisation by promoting

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Research on gender inequality in employment has focused mainly on women's lower rates of pay, neglecting the less visible inequalities in occupational welfare such as fringe benefits. This paper

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    Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
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    Journal of Social Policy
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