Changing paradigms in the treatment of uroliths by lithotripsy.

Abstract

Surgery remains a common procedure for removal of uroliths from the lower urinary tract of dogs. Incorporation of intracorporeal laser lithotripsy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has provided impetus for a paradigm shift in the way veterinarians manage urinary stones, however. These minimally invasive techniques provide a successful alternative to… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2008.10.006

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