Changing Conclusions on Secondhand Smoke in a Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Review Funded by the Tobacco Industry

@article{Tong2005ChangingCO,
  title={Changing Conclusions on Secondhand Smoke in a Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Review Funded by the Tobacco Industry},
  author={Elisa K. Tong and Lucinda J England and Stanton A. Glantz},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2005},
  volume={115},
  pages={e356 - e366}
}
Background. Prenatal and postnatal exposure to tobacco smoke adversely affects maternal and child health. Secondhand smoke (SHS) has been linked causally with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in major health reports. In 1992, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first noted an association between SHS and SIDS, and both prenatal exposure and postnatal SHS exposure were listed as independent risk factors for SIDS in a 1997 California EPA report (republished in 1999 by the National… 

Tables from this paper

Tobacco Industry Efforts Undermining Evidence Linking Secondhand Smoke With Cardiovascular Disease

The industry interest in preserving corporate viability has affected the design and interpretation of their cardiovascular studies, indicating the need for great caution in current debates about future tobacco industry regulation and development of reduced-harm tobacco products.

Towards estimating the burden of disease attributable to second-hand smoke exposure in Polish children

This study provides a conservative estimate of the public health impact of SHS exposure on Polish children and indicates that lack of comprehensive, up to date health data concerning children, as well as lack of measures that would best reflect actualSHS exposure are major limitations of the study.

EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE ON THE RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF CHILDREN

This paper reviews of several articles between year 1992- 2009 obtained from the internet; Pubmed and Medline and discusses primarily on impact of ETS on during the fetal period and infancy and childhood.

Secondhand and Prenatal Tobacco Smoke Exposure

The harms of SHS Exposure are discussed, effective ways to eliminate or reduce SHS exposure are presented, and policies that support a smoke-free environment are outlined.

A comprehensive economic assessment of the health effects of tobacco use and implications for tobacco control in Bangladesh

The enormous tobacco-attributable healthcare costs and productivity loss underscore the need to strengthen the implementation of tobacco control policies to curb the epidemic.

The Tobacco Industry’s Role in the 16 Cities Study of Secondhand Tobacco Smoke: Do the Data Support the Stated Conclusions?

Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents and regulatory agency and court records reveals that smoke-free workplaces would dramatically reduce total secondhand tobacco smoke exposure, providing significant worker and public health benefits.

Assessing infant sleep practices and other risk factors of SIDS in Zambia: a cross-sectional survey of mothers in Lusaka, Zambia

Bedsharing and placing the infant to sleep on the side were commonly reported among the mothers the authors interviewed, and age of infant was the only factor which was predictive of prone sleeping.

The carotid body in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 115 REFERENCES

Parental Smoking and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Review of the Evidence

Evidence relating parental smoking to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk in their offspring is reviewed, based on English-language papers covering the period 1966–1996, finding that adjustment for numerous potential confounders very substantially weakened the association between SIDS and parental smoking.

Effect of maternal cigarette smoking on pregnancy complications and sudden infant death syndrome.

The low success rate of smoking cessation among pregnant women suggests that efforts to reduce the complications of pregnancy attributable to tobacco use by pregnant women should focus on preventing nicotine addiction among teenaged girls.

Tobacco smoke exposure at one month of age and subsequent risk of SIDS--a prospective study.

There was a discordance between prediction of cotinine concentration and prediction of risk of SIDS, but the study lacked the power to detect modest effects, that is, those altering risk less than twofold.

Environmental tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality in a prospective study of Californians, 1960-98

The results do not support a causal relation between environmental Tobacco smoke and tobacco related mortality, although they do not rule out a small effect, and the association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and coronary heart disease and lung cancer may be considerably weaker than generally believed.

Protecting children from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure: a critical review.

  • C. GehrmanM. Hovell
  • Psychology
    Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • 2003
The evidence suggests that interventions can be effective in reducing children's exposure to ETS, and those based on sound behavior change theory have yielded the most promising results.

Changing Concepts of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Implications for Infant Sleeping Environment and Sleep Position

The present statement is intended to review the evidence about prone sleeping and other risk factors and to make recommendations about strategies that may be effective for further reducing the risk of SIDS.

Environmental tobacco smoke. The Brown and Williamson documents.

The tobacco industry's public and private responses to rising concern over the health effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) are examined, finding that the industry's strategy regarding passive smoking has been remarkably similar to its strategy regarding active smoking.

Environmental tobacco smoke.

The overall hazard is sufficient to justify measures to restrict smoking in public places and workplaces, and to discourage people from smoking in their homes, but there is inconsistency between different estimates of the magnitude of risk.

Addressing parental smoking in pediatrics and family practice: a national survey of parents.

Overall rates of screening and counseling for parental smoking in pediatric and family practice are low, and significant opportunities exist to improve tobacco control activities in primary care settings that serve children.
...