Changes of coat cover in primitive horses living on a reserve.

  title={Changes of coat cover in primitive horses living on a reserve.},
  author={Anna Stachurska and Jan Robovsk{\'y} and Krzysztof Bocian and Iwona Janczarek},
  journal={Journal of animal science},
  volume={93 3},
Changes in the coat cover are important for mammalian thermoregulation. This is especially true where variable environmental conditions exist throughout the seasons. Coat cover shedding is the replacement of old coat hair with new hair. The process differs in various equids. The aim of the study was to examine the changes in the coat of primitive Polish Konik horses living on a reserve in southeast Poland (50.6319° N). The reserve is located in a temperate climate. The mean temperature is below… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Length of winter coat in horses depending on husbandry conditions.

It was found that air temperature in the stable impacts the length of winter coat in horses and ponies and the effect is more pronounced in ponies; as in the stables with lower temperatures it produces a longer hair coat which is more evenly distributed over the body in comparison with horses.

Morphometric Changes in Polish Konik Mares After Nearly a Hundred Years of the Breed's Existence

It was concluded that the morphotype of modern Polish Konik mares is statistically significantly influenced by the following traits: neck ventral length, forearm circumference, distance between the vascular notch and the oral angle, and shoulder height.

The effects of extended photoperiod and warmth on hair growth in ponies and horses at different times of year

Extended photoperiod did not reverse winter coat growth when initiated at the autumnal equinox, effectively maintained the summer coat in stabled horses when initiated one month post-summer solstice, and did not accelerate shedding in indoor or outdoor living ponies when initiation one month pre-winter solstice.

Thermal features, ambient temperature and hair coat lengths: Limitations of infrared imaging in pregnant primitive breed mares within a year

The flank area appears more suitable for thermal imaging in pregnant mares due to the seasonal fluctuations in hair coat lengths, and the slopes in the linear regression equation did not differ significantly for ambient (Tamb) and surface temperatures in both groups.

Association between the Area of the Highest Flank Temperature and Concentrations of Reproductive Hormones during Pregnancy in Polish Konik Horses—A Preliminary Study

Assessment of changes in thermal features of the abdomen lateral surface and concentrations of reproductive hormones in Polish native pregnant mares found the new feature of a thermal image in the gray palette, the area with the highest temperatures, was found to be significantly related to progesterone and relaxin blood concentration.

Videodermoscopic examination of the skin and its products in purebred Arabian horses in the summer season

A valuable insight obtained from this research is that it is possible to use digital image analysis for precise quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the skin and its structures in purebred Arabian horses.

Dermoscopic analysis of the skin of healthy warmblood horses: a descriptive study of 34 cases in Italy

Dermoscopy may represent a valuable technique for the dermatological examination of the equine patient and to describe hair and skin surface features of healthy warmblood horses.



Factors that influence coat hair length in primitive horses (Equus caballus)

The results indicate that the primitive horses living in the East of Poland retained the ability of adapting to variable environmental conditions, specifically the alterations of coat hair length.

Seasonal variations in physiological and behavioural parameters in a bachelor group of stallion ponies ( Equus caballus )

The ponies in this study demonstrated a series of adaptive changes during winter concomitant with energy conservation, however, forage availability and intake also decreased indicating lower energy input.

Adaptation strategies to seasonal changes in environmental conditions of a domesticated horse breed, the Shetland pony (Equus ferus caballus)

The results show that Shetland ponies exhibit signs of a winter hypometabolism indicated by reduced heart rate and Ts, which seems to have maintained the capacity for seasonal adaptation to environmental conditions by seasonal fluctuations in their metabolic rate.

Differences in exterior conformation between primitive, Half-bred, and Thoroughbred horses: anatomic-breeding approach.

The aim of the paper was to find a reduced set of indices that can be used to determine group membership of the horses, and found the most important indices that best discriminate breeds from each other.


Hair has many functions, but most importantly it serves to help regulate body temperature and to provide a protective barrier against the horse’s environment (Tregear, 1965).

Effects of diet and climate on growing horses.

Weanling horses fed readily digested diets ad libitum gained weight at or above expected values even at severely cold ambient temperatures.

Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction: equine Cushing's disease.

  • H. Schott
  • Medicine
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice
  • 2002

What are the Seasons

Abstract The concept of dividing the year into four seasons is reexamined to appraise critically the relative merit of two commonly used definitions of the seasons: 1) the astronomical definition,

Mitochondrial Phylogenomics of Modern and Ancient Equids

Bayesian and Maximum Likelihood phylogenetic inference confirms that zebras are monophyletic within the genus Equus, and the Plains and Grevy’sZebras form a well-supported monophyletsic group, and additional mitochondrial genome sequence data is required before revisiting the exact timing of the lineage radiation leading up to modern equids.