Changes in the midbrain-rostral forebrain dopamine circuitry in the cocaine-exposed primate fetal brain.

To ascertain cocaine's effects in the fetus, we developed a nonhuman primate model in which pregnant monkeys were administered cocaine (3 mg/kg i.m.) or saline four times a day from day 20 through days 40-70 of a 165-day gestation. At the time of cesarean section, plasma levels of cocaine in fetal blood were 231 +/- 70 ng/ml. Fetal brains were examined… CONTINUE READING