GABA-transaminase (GABA-T) and succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSA-DH) activities were measured in the mitochondrial fractions from the cobalt- and FeCl3-induced chronic epileptogenic foci in the rat brain. Electroencephalographically, the FeCl3 epileptogenic focus remained active for a duration longer than that of the cobalt focus. In both the foci SSA-DH activity showed significant increases which were concomitant with the EEG epileptiform activity. In cobalt focus, the GABA-T activity fell whereas, in the FeCl3 focus it was unchanged. In cobalt focus fall in GABA-T activity seemed to be concomitant with EEG epileptiform discharge. The measurements of the enzyme activities in the mirror (secondary) foci showed that, except for a brief stimulation of SSA-DH activity in the mirror focus in FeCl3 epileptic animals, the enzyme activities remained unchanged. Possible significance of the observed enzymatic changes in the physiology of epileptogenic focus is discussed.