Changes in public attitudes to depression during the Defeat Depression Campaign

  title={Changes in public attitudes to depression during the Defeat Depression Campaign},
  author={Eugene S. Paykel and Deborah Hart and Robert G. Priest},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={519 - 522}
Background Aims of the Defeat Depression Campaign between 1991 and 1996 included the reduction of stigma associated with depression, education of the public about the disorder and its treatment and encouragement of earlier treatment-seeking. Newspaper and magazine articles, radio and television programmes and other media activities were employed. Method Surveys of public attitudes were conducted by MORI in late 1991, early 1995 and mid-1997. Each covered approximately 2000 subjects, sampled to… 
Public opinions and beliefs about the treatment of depression in urban Turkey
The beliefs that “psychological and social interventions are more effective than pharmacotherapy” and “antidepressants are harmful and addictive” must specifically be taken into account in clinical practice and in anti-stigma campaigns.
Impact of a campaign on the public's attitudes towards depression.
The campaign induced relevant changes mainly in persons aware of the NAD and persons who reported to have had experience with depression, and the fact that many of the changes in the general population declined in the second year of the campaign illustrates the need for permanent depression awareness action.
Public awareness campaigns about depression and suicide: a review.
Results suggest that these programs contributed to a modest improvement in public knowledge of and attitudes toward depression or suicide, but most program evaluations did not assess the durability of the attitude changes.
Public attitudes to depression in urban Turkey
In Istanbul, people recognise depression well, but their attitudes towards it are fairly negative and the urban public has unfavourable attitudes towards depression and a tendency to isolate patients from the society.
Belief in the harmfulness of antidepressants: associated factors and change over 16 years.
Mood matters: a national survey on attitudes to depression
A collaborative, sustained effort is required to advance public appreciation of mood and its management, across the severity spectrum, in tandem with destigmatising the targeted use of ADTs.
Changing perceptions of depression: ten-year trends from the general social survey.
There have been changes in attitudes about the causes and treatments of depression among the American public in the past decade, with a shift toward a biological framework.
Examination of Stigmatizing Beliefs about Depression and Stigma-Reduction Effects of Education by Using Implicit Measures
There was no significant reduction of beliefs about being weak-willed and dangerousness of people with depression, which were measured by BIATs, after reading the educational texts.


Lay people's attitudes to treatment of depression: results of opinion poll for Defeat Depression Campaign just before its launch
Although people are sympathetic towards those with depression, they may project their prejudices about depression on to the medical profession and doctors have an important role in educating the public about depression and the rationale for antidepressant treatment.
The Defeat Depression Campaign: psychiatry in the public arena.
A 5-year campaign was undertaken from 1992 to 1996, aimed at enhancing public awareness and attitudes and providing professional education, which served a useful function in enhancing public education and awareness and improving professional recognition and management of depression.
Impact of a national campaign on GP education: an evaluation of the Defeat Depression Campaign.
  • S. Rix, E. Paykel, D. Hart
  • Medicine, Political Science
    The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
  • 1999
The campaign had the highest impact among younger GPs, members of the RCGP, and among those who had undertaken a six-month post in psychiatry, those who were working in larger practices and fundholding practices, and women.
Public attitudes to depression: a national survey
People who have had depression, or who had a friend or relative who had depression and those who had visited a patient in a psychiatric hospital expressed more positive attitudes to depression and its management.
Public attitude towards psychiatric treatment
A representative survey among German citizens found that psychotherapy was generally held in high esteem by the lay public, but psychopharmacotherapy was rejected by the vast majority of respondents, and psychoanalysis is the preferred method among respondents in the western part of Germany, while theLay public in the eastern part tends to endorse group therapy.
Frequency of suicide on Gotland after systematic postgraduate education of general practitioners
Programs aiming at giving GPs increased capacity and responsibility to treat patients with affective disorders do not increase the frequency of suicide and better primary treatment of patients with depressive disorders may reduce the suicide rate in a given area.
Helpfulness of interventions for mental disorders: Beliefs of health professionals compared with the general public
The beliefs that health practitioners hold about mental disorders differ greatly from those of the general public and there is a need for mental health education campaigns to help close the gap between professional and public beliefs.
Long‐term effects of an educational program for general practitioners given by the Swedish Committee for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression
The results indicate that educational programs that can have pronounced effects on the health care system have to be repeated approximately every 2 years if long‐term effects are to be expected.
The NIMH Depression Awareness, Recognition, and Treatment Program: structure, aims, and scientific basis.
The authors review the development of this program, describing the professional education efforts it supports in anticipation of increased demand for services, the public education campaign launched in May 1988, and highlights of the scientific advances that make the program feasible and timely.
Effect of an educational program for general practitioners on Gotland on the pattern of prescription of psychotropic drugs
On Gotland the frequency of hypnotics remained stable from 1982–1985, and a significant increase was seen in the rest of Sweden, while on Sweden as a whole, the use of antidepressants increased from 1982-1985, but significantly more on Gotland.