Changes in optic nerve head blood flow and retrobular hemodynamics following calcium-channel blocker treatment of normal-tension glaucoma

Abstract

Background: Because calcium channel blockers reduce vascularresistance, they may have a clinical application in the treatment ofnormal-tension glaucoma (NTG). This study investigates changes inboth the optic disc blood flow and the hemodynamics of retrobulbarvessels in NTG patients after the systemic administration of a calcium channel blocker. Methods: Twelve eyes of 12 NTG patients (meanage 57 6 ± 15.3 years) were examined before and after a 4-weektreatment with 2 mg b.i.d. oral nilvadipine, an L-typc calcium channel blocker. By scanning laser-Doppler flowmetry (SLDF), we obtained the velocity, flow, and volume from within a 10 × 10 pixel windowplaced on the temporal rim region of the optic disc perfusion map. Byultrasound color Doppler imaging (CDI), we measured the peak systolicvelocity (PSV) and the end diastolic velocity (EDV) of the ophthalmicartery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA), nasal posterior ciliary artery (NPCA), and temporal posterior ciliary artery (TPCA). We then calculated a resistance index (RI) for each vessel. Results: After treatment, the flow and velocity of the optic disc blood flow significantly increased (P < 0.05).Nilvadipine also significantly reduced RIs of the CRA, NPCA, and TPCA(P <0 .05), and increased both the PSV of the NPCA and the EDVs of the CRA, NPCA, and TPCA. The percent change in velocity correlated significantly with the percent changes of the CRA RI and NPCA RI. Conclusions: Oral nilvadipine appears to reduce orbital vascular resistance, which consequentlyincreases the optic disc blood flow. Abbreviations.BP – blood pressure;CRA – central retinal artery;CDI – ultrasound color Doppler imaging;EDV – end diastolic velocity;NPCA – short posterior ciliary arteries located nasal to optic nerve;NTG – normal-tension glaucoma;OA – ophthalmic artery;PP – perfusion pressure;PSV – peak systolic velocity;RI – resistance index;SLDF scanning laser-Doppler flowmetry;TPCA – short posterior ciliary arteries locatedtemporal to optic nerve.

DOI: 10.1023/A:1006423919238

8 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Tomita1999ChangesIO, title={Changes in optic nerve head blood flow and retrobular hemodynamics following calcium-channel blocker treatment of normal-tension glaucoma}, author={Goji Tomita and Yoshiaki Niwa and Hisashi Shinohara and Nobuhito Hayashi and Tetsuya Yamamoto and Yoshiaki Kitazawa}, journal={International Ophthalmology}, year={1999}, volume={23}, pages={3-10} }