Changes in nasal specific IgE to mites after periods of allergen exposure-avoidance: a comparison with serum levels.

Abstract

Variations of serum and nasal specific IgE to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) during alternate periods of antigen avoidance-exposure have been evaluated with an open design in a group of allergic children with asthma and rhinitis at the residential house Istituto Pio XII (Misurina, BL, Italy), at 1756 m, in the Italian Dolomites. A method based on direct incubation of allergen coupled substrate on the nasal mucosa has been employed to evaluate the levels of nasal IgE. Serum specific IgE decreased respectively from (median) 117-89.3 kU/l (P < 0.001) during an initial period of 3 months of allergen avoidance and from 88.2 to 78.4 kU/l (P < 0.0002) during a subsequent period of allergen avoidance. No significant increase in serum specific IgE was, in contrast, observed during two periods, 22 and 9 days, of antigen exposure, changing respectively from 89.3 to 88.2 and from 78.4 to 89.1 kU/l. In contrast, nasal IgE has been significantly influenced by the alternate periods of antigen exposure-avoidance, showing a decrease from 19.75 to 4.01 kU/l (P < 0.0001) after the initial period of avoidance, followed by an increase to 9.95 kU/l (P < 0.0001) after 22 days of exposure. A significant decrease to a value of 2.37 kU/l (P < 0.0001) was also observed during the subsequent period of avoidance, followed again by an increase to 7.87 kU/l (P < 0.002) after 9 days of exposure. The evaluation of the kinetics of changes in nasal specific IgE revealed a significant decrease (P < 0.01) as soon as antigen avoidance was implemented for 3 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Sensi1994ChangesIN, title={Changes in nasal specific IgE to mites after periods of allergen exposure-avoidance: a comparison with serum levels.}, author={Laura Giovanna Sensi and Giorgio L. Piacentini and Edoardo Nobile and M Ghebregzabher and R Brunori and Luisa Zanolla and Attilio Loris Boner and Francesco Marcucci}, journal={Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology}, year={1994}, volume={24 4}, pages={377-82} }