Changes in metamorphopsia in daily life after successful epiretinal membrane surgery and correlation with M-CHARTS score

Abstract

PURPOSE To determine the correlation between the changes in metamorphopsia in daily life environment and the M-CHARTS scores after epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal, and to determine the criterion for determining whether clinically significant changes in the metamorphopsia score have occurred in M-CHARTS. METHODS We studied 65 eyes undergoing vitrectomy for unilateral ERM. Self-administered questionnaires were used to examine the metamorphopsia in their daily life. The degree of metamorphopsia was determined by M-CHARTS. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the best predictor of the changes in metamorphopsia in daily life. To determine the reproducibility of the M-CHARTS score, another set of 56 eyes with ERM was tested twice on two different days. RESULTS The postoperative changes in the logarithm of the M-CHARTS score was defined as M2-value. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the M2-value as a predictor of the changes in metamorphopsia in daily life was larger than area under the receiver operating characteristic curve obtained for any other parameter. The optimal cutoff value was -0.4. The 95% limits of agreement between test and retest measurements had a reproducibility of ±0.3 logarithm of the M-CHARTS score. Taking into account not only the reproducibility but also the consistency with the subjective changes, we determined the criterion for clinically significant changes in the M-CHARTS scores as a change of the M2-value by ≥0.4. CONCLUSION Evaluating the changes in the M-CHARTS scores in logarithmic form is favorable not only theoretically but also from the perspective of consistency with the subjective changes.

DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S76847

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Kinoshita2015ChangesIM, title={Changes in metamorphopsia in daily life after successful epiretinal membrane surgery and correlation with M-CHARTS score}, author={Takamasa Kinoshita and Hiroko Imaizumi and Hirotomo Miyamoto and Utako Okushiba and Yuki Hayashi and Takashi Katome and Yoshinori Mitamura}, booktitle={Clinical ophthalmology}, year={2015} }