Changes in levels of urinary estrogen metabolites after oral indole-3-carbinol treatment in humans.


BACKGROUND The oxidative metabolism of estrogens in humans is mediated primarily by cytochrome P450, many isoenzymes of which are inducible by dietary and pharmacologic agents. One major pathway, 2-hydroxylation, is induced by dietary indole-3-carbinol (I3C), which is present in cruciferous vegetables (e.g., cabbage and broccoli). PURPOSE Because the pool… (More)

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