Changes in fish communities on a small spatial scale, an effect of increased habitat complexity by an offshore wind farm.

Abstract

The number of offshore wind farms (OWF) is increasing to meet the demands for renewable energy. The piles and hard substrate surrounding these piles creates new habitat for species with preference to hard substrates. We studied the impact of this hard substrate on the fish community in a Dutch OWF in the sandy southern North Sea, which had been in operation… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2017.01.009

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