Changes in adipose tissue volume and distribution during reproduction in Swedish women as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging.

@article{Sohlstrm1995ChangesIA,
  title={Changes in adipose tissue volume and distribution during reproduction in Swedish women as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging.},
  author={Annica Sohlstr{\"o}m and Elisabet Forsum},
  journal={The American journal of clinical nutrition},
  year={1995},
  volume={61 2},
  pages={
          287-95
        }
}
Adipose tissue volume (ATV; total, subcutaneous, and nonsubcutaneous) was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging in the whole body and in six body compartments of 15 healthy Swedish women before pregnancy and 5-10 d, and 2, 6, and 12 mo postpartum. ATV increased by 5.43 +/- 4.72 L (mean +/- SD) during pregnancy and decreased by 3.18 +/- 4.61 L during the first 6 mo postpartum. The women had more ATV (2.86 +/- 2.32 L) 12 mo after delivery than before pregnancy. Of the ATV gained during pregnancy… 
Changes in total body fat during the human reproductive cycle as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, body water dilution, and skinfold thickness: a comparison of methods.
TLDR
There is a risk for bias when changes in TBF during reproduction are estimated by the skinfold-thickness technique as well as by isotope dilution, which is suggested to be influenced by the amount of fat lost or gained.
Changes in bone mineral density and body composition during pregnancy and postpartum. A controlled cohort study
TLDR
Bone mineral density (BMD) decreased significantly during pregnancy, but at 19 months postpartum, BMD has returned to pre-pregnancy level independently of breastfeeding length, and changes in fat mass differed according to breastfeeding status with a slower decline in women who continued breastfeeding.
Comparison of body fat mass changes during the third trimester and at one month postpartum between lactating and nonlactating Japanese women.
TLDR
The total bodyfat mass and body fat mass in the trunk at 1 month postpartum was significantly greater in lactating women than in nonlactating women.
Hydration of fat-free mass in healthy women with special reference to the effect of pregnancy.
  • M. Lof, E. Forsum
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2004
TLDR
The two-component model for assessing body fat is as appropriate during late gestation as it is in the nonpregnant state, although its precision may be impaired when applied during the first part of pregnancy.
Magnetic resonance imaging provides new insights into the characterization of adipose and lean tissue distribution
TLDR
An overview of the historical development and current status of MRI within the context of body composition research is provided, and new insights into the nature of AT and LT distribution in both sexes and the effects of weight loss on these same parameters are presented.
Skinfold caliper and ultrasound assessments of change in the distribution of subcutaneous fat during adolescent pregnancy
TLDR
The results of this study challenge the notion that pregnant women store adipose tissue preferentially on the trunk and suggest that pregnancy-related changes in the regional distribution of maternal body fat based on skinfold caliper measurements should be interpreted cautiously.
Body Composition in Pregnancy
TLDR
Both short- and long-term implications of pre-pregnancy maternal obesity as well as excess gestational weight gain are important to elucidate, as more and more women are classified as obese.
Triglyceride Turnover, Lipoprotein Lipase Activity, and Fat Cell Size in Adipose Tissue of Rats during the First 2 Weeks of Pregnancy
TLDR
Fat cell size, lipoprotein lipase activity, as well as triglyceride turnover in parametrial and subcutaneous adipose tissues were studied during the first 2 weeks of gestation and in virginal controls to further explore the metabolic and physiological basis for changes in body fat during reproduction in rats.
Body composition changes in pregnancy: measurement, predictors and outcomes
Prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen in the United States over the past few decades. Concurrent with this rise in obesity has been an increase in pregravid body mass index and gestational
A longitudinal study of maternal anthropometric changes in normal weight, overweight and obese women during pregnancy and postpartum
TLDR
There is a tendency in the obese group to develop central obesity at the postpartum period, in comparison with the other groups.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Total and subcutaneous adipose tissue in women: the measurement of distribution and accurate prediction of quantity by using magnetic resonance imaging.
TLDR
MRI-determined percent body adipose tissue in women is close to, and proportional to, estimates derived by underwater weighing, and close to the value for fat percent produced when the results from five other techniques were averaged.
Resting metabolic rate and body composition of healthy Swedish women during pregnancy.
TLDR
RMR increased more during pregnancy than previous estimates on well-nourished women showed and the increase was significantly correlated with the birth weight of the baby.
Changes in skinfolds during pregnancy.
TLDR
The increase of skinfolds during pregnancy was greater in underweight than in overweight women, and in primiparae than in multiparae, and the pattern of change was not affected in any consistent manner by oedema.
Adipose tissue distribution as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and total body fat by magnetic resonance imaging, underwater weighing, and body-water dilution in healthy women.
TLDR
Subcutaneous fat:fat-free body weight and nonsubcutaneous body weight were both significantly correlated with percent TBF but the women stored excess fat subcutaneously rather than nonsubsubcutaneously.
Energy metabolism, body composition, and milk production in healthy Swedish women during lactation.
TLDR
The results indicate that current estimates of energy needs during lactation may be too high and that women's energy requirements during reproduction should be considered carefully.
Fat cell metabolism in different regions in women. Effect of menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and lactation.
TLDR
The results imply that in both nonpregnant and pregnant women lipid assimilation is favored in the femoral depot and fat cells from different regions show a differential response during pregnancy and lactation.
ENERGY REQUIREMENTS OF PREGNANCY IN THE NETHERLANDS
TLDR
It is proposed that the main mechanisms by which the pregnant body is able to save energy and to bridge the energy gap are by adjustments to physical activity and an increase in work efficiency and an adaptation of the metabolic response to food.
Maternal physiologic adaptations to early human pregnancy
TLDR
The hypothesis that significant maternal physiologic adaptations to pregnancy take place in multiple systems long before they are functionally necessary (during the embryonic period) is correct, which suggests these adaptations are preparative and may have diagnostic value.
Estimation of body fat in healthy Swedish women during pregnancy and lactation.
TLDR
No correlation was found between changes in body weight and body fat during early pregnancy or between the maternal changes in Bodyweight and bodyfat over the complete pregnancy, which are tentatively explained by changes in the degree of hydration of the body.
Body fat in lean and overweight women estimated by six methods.
TLDR
The agreement between MRI and UWW estimates in both lean and overweight women suggests that MRI may be a satisfactory substitute for the more established methods of body fat estimation in adult women.
...
1
2
3
4
...