Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment

@article{Webster2005ChangesIT,
  title={Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment},
  author={Peter J. Webster and Greg J. Holland and Judith A. Curry and H-R Chang},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={309},
  pages={1844 - 1846}
}
We examined the number of tropical cyclones and cyclone days as well as tropical cyclone intensity over the past 35 years, in an environment of increasing sea surface temperature. A large increase was seen in the number and proportion of hurricanes reaching categories 4 and 5. The largest increase occurred in the North Pacific, Indian, and Southwest Pacific Oceans, and the smallest percentage increase occurred in the North Atlantic Ocean. These increases have taken place while the number of… Expand
Comment on "Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment"
  • J. Chan
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Science
  • 2006
TLDR
Analyses of tropical cyclone records from the western North Pacific reveal that the recent increase in occurrence of intense typhoons reported by Webster et al. is not a trend, but is likely a part of the large interdecadal variations in the number of intense Typhoons related to similar temporal fluctuations in the atmospheric environment. Expand
Heightened tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic: natural variability or climate trend?
  • G. Holland, P. Webster
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2007
TLDR
It is concluded that the overall trend in SSTs, and tropical cyclone and hurricane numbers is substantially influenced by greenhouse warming. Expand
Environmental Influences on Tropical Cyclone Variability and Trends
Tropical cyclone activity has been increasing in concert with tropical ocean temperatures globally (Emanuel 2005; Webster et al. 2005). The correlation between tropical cyclone (TC) activity and seaExpand
Sea‐surface temperatures and tropical cyclones in the Atlantic basin
[1] Whereas there is a significant relationship between overall sea-surface temperature (SST) and tropical cyclone intensity, the relationship is much less clear in the upper range of SST normallyExpand
Long-term changes in Australian tropical cyclone numbers
Tropical cyclone (TC) observations are used to examine changes in the TC climatology of the Australian region. The ability to investigate long-term changes in TC numbers improves when the ElExpand
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[1] In recent years increasing interest has been put on the role that intense Tropical Cyclones can play in the climate system. The following study is aimed at highlighting the effects of strongExpand
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The relationships between tropical cyclones in the South Pacific Ocean basin and the two major modes of natural climate variability (i.e., El Nino–Southern Oscillation and the Madden–JulianExpand
The Hurricane—Climate Connection
Abstract Tropical cyclone activity has long been understood to respond to changing properties of the large-scale atmospheric and oceanic environment. In this essay, evidence for changing tropicalExpand
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Abstract The recently reported increase in the proportion of intense hurricanes is considerably larger than those projected by the maximum potential intensity (MPI) theory and the results ofExpand
Tropical cyclone activity in global warming scenario
Research efforts focused on assessing the potential for changes in tropical cyclone activity in the greenhouse-warmed climate have progressed since the IPCC assessment in 1996. Vulnerability toExpand
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