Change in suicide rates in Switzerland before and after firearm restriction resulting from the 2003 “Army XXI” reform.

@article{Reisch2013ChangeIS,
  title={Change in suicide rates in Switzerland before and after firearm restriction resulting from the 2003 “Army XXI” reform.},
  author={T. Reisch and T. Steffen and A. Habenstein and W. Tschacher},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  year={2013},
  volume={170 9},
  pages={
          977-84
        }
}
OBJECTIVE Firearms are the most common method of suicide among young men in Switzerland. From March 2003 through February 2004, the number of Swiss soldiers was halved as a result of an army reform (Army XXI), leading to a decrease in the availability of guns nationwide. The authors investigated the patterns of the overall suicide rate and the firearm suicide rate before and after the reform. METHOD Using a naturalistic study design, the authors compared suicide rates before (1995–2003) and… Expand

Topics from this paper

Time-trends in assisted and unassisted suicides completed with different methods: Swiss National Cohort.
TLDR
Research is needed to gain a better understanding of the reasons for the tripling of assisted suicide rates in older women, and the doubling of rates in Older men, of attitudes and vulnerabilities of those choosing assisted suicide, and of access to palliative care. Expand
Suicide by firearm in Switzerland: who uses the army weapon? Results from the national survey between 2000 and 2010.
TLDR
The hypotheses that the observed drop in suicides is linked to the Army XXI reform and that restriction of access to guns is essential for reducing suicides by firearm are supported. Expand
Incidence of suicide among military police officers in South Brazil: An 11-year retrospective cohort study.
TLDR
The incidence of suicide among military PO in South Brazil was high, compared to the national suicide rate, and younger age and lower military rank were independent predictors of suicide in this subpopulation. Expand
An effective suicide prevention program in the Israeli Defense Forces: A cohort study
TLDR
There was a 57% decrease in the suicide rate following the administration of the IDF Suicide Prevention Program, and the effect of the intervention appears to be related to use of a weapon, and being able to benefit from improved help-seeking and de-stigmatization. Expand
A military suicide prevention program in the Israeli Defense Force: a review of an important military medical procedure
TLDR
The aim of this article is to review the background of the design of the IDF’s SPP and its major components, leading to the current success. Expand
Austrian firearm legislation and its effects on suicide and homicide mortality: A natural quasi-experiment amidst the global economic crisis
TLDR
The initially preventative effect of the firearm legislation reform in Austria in 1997 seems to have been counteracted by the global economic downturn of 2008, which was associated with corresponding increases in both firearm suicide and firearm homicide mortality. Expand
Risk factors for suicide attempt among Israeli Defense Forces soldiers: A retrospective case-control study.
TLDR
Training primary care physicians as gatekeepers and improved monitoring, may reduce the rate of suicide attempts in soldiers who made a suicide attempt. Expand
Suicide among Ethiopian origin soldiers in the IDF - A qualitative view of risk factors, triggers, and life circumstances.
TLDR
The study investigated the unique characteristics of these soldiers, compared with other suicides in the Israel Defense Forces, and found that risk for suicide among Ethiopian soldiers were being incarcerated in a military prison, belonging to a bereaved family, seniority in the military service, and avoidance of help-seeking. Expand
Time trend of suicide in Swiss male farmers and comparison with other men: a cohort study.
TLDR
The study shows a higher rate of suicide in farmers compared to non-farmers in Switzerland, with the gap widening increasingly after 2006, which underlines the importance of identifying the difficulties and concerns of male farmers at an early stage in order to make appropriate structural adjustments and to offer low-threshold assistance tailored to their needs and preferences. Expand
Stability in the choice of method during the period preceding a suicide attempt and in attempt repeaters
Background and Objectives: Understanding the mental processes preceding a suicidal act is important for the potential to intervene. This study investigates stability and possible changes of suicideExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES
Firearms regulation and declining rates of male suicide in Quebec
TLDR
The Joinpoint regression models suggest that firearm suicide rates declined towards the end of the 1990s, and total suicide rates also declined among men aged 15–34 and 35–64 years during this period. Expand
Controlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?
TLDR
The implemented restrictions may not be responsible for the observed reductions in firearms suicide, but data suggest that a change in social and cultural attitudes could have contributed to the shift in method preference. Expand
Firearms legislation and reductions in firearm-related suicide deaths in New Zealand.
TLDR
Overall rates of youth suicide also decreased over this time but it is not possible to determine the extent to which this was accounted for by changes in firearms legislation or other causes. Expand
Lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods: a population based study
TLDR
Limiting access to firearms is a potentially effective means of reducing suicide mortality and can reduce the proportion of fatal firearms related suicides by 32% among minors, and 6.5% among adults. Expand
Gun Control and Suicide: Possible Impact of Canadian Legislation to Ensure Safe Storage of Firearms
  • J. Caron
  • Medicine
  • Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
  • 2004
TLDR
A decrease in firearm suicides was most noticeable in the under-25 age group, although it was in this same age group that the general suicide rate increased the most, and the reduction of firearms suicides was not accompanied by a decrease in overall suicide rates. Expand
Decrease in suicide rates after a change of policy reducing access to firearms in adolescents: a naturalistic epidemiological study.
TLDR
The results of this study illustrate the ability of a relatively simple change in policy to have a major impact on suicide rates. Expand
Religion and assisted and non-assisted suicide in Switzerland: National Cohort Study.
TLDR
In Switzerland, the protective effect of a religious affiliation appears to be stronger in Catholics than in Protestants, stronger in older than in younger people, strong in women than in men, and particularly strong for assisted suicides. Expand
Who uses firearms as a means of suicide? A population study exploring firearm accessibility and method choice
TLDR
Accessibility and familiarity with firearms represent critical elements in determining the choice of method, including current licence possession and previous history of legal access, in those most likely to use firearms in suicide in Queensland. Expand
Chances and Limits of Method Restriction: A Detailed Analysis of Suicide Methods in Switzerland
TLDR
In Switzerland, reduction of firearm suicides has the highest potential to reduce the total number of suicides and the presented method permits the estimation of the suicide prevention potential of a country by method restriction and the comparison of restriction potentials between suicide methods. Expand
[Suicide mortality among Turks in Germany].
TLDR
Overall, Turks living in Germany have a lower suicide mortality than Germans, and the high suicide rate among Turkish girls and young women could indicate the presence of social or cultural conflict situations. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...