Challenging American Boundaries: Indigenous People and the “Gift” of U.S. Citizenship

  title={Challenging American Boundaries: Indigenous People and the “Gift” of U.S. Citizenship},
  author={Kevin Bruyneel},
  journal={Studies in American Political Development},
  pages={30 - 43}
  • Kevin Bruyneel
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • Studies in American Political Development
On June 2, 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signed into law the Indian Citizenship Act (ICA), which unilaterally made United States citizens of all indigenous people living in the United States. This new law made citizens of approximately 125,000 of the 300,000 indigenous people in the country (the remainder were already U.S. citizens). Usually, people who have been excluded from American political life see the codi- fication of their citizenship status as an unambiguously positive political… 
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or many years, the Tohono O'odham Nation in Arizona has transported tribal members from Mexico to the United States through traditional border crossings for medical treatment. The nation is the only
The passage from the King Bill (S. 716), is quoted in Rickard. 69. Ibid
    United States ex rel. Diabo v. McCandless. 18 F.2d. 282
    • U.S. Dist. LEXIS
    Margaret Garretson Szasz , “ Indian Reform in the Decade of Prosperity
    • 1970
    Of the many excellent works on the shaping forces upon and implications of the 1924 Immigration Act, the following are especially valuable
    • Stranger in Land: Patterns of American Nativism
    • 1981