Challenges of proper placebo control for non‐invasive brain stimulation in clinical and experimental applications

@article{Davis2013ChallengesOP,
  title={Challenges of proper placebo control for non‐invasive brain stimulation in clinical and experimental applications},
  author={Nick J. Davis and Edward Gold and {\'A}lvaro Pascual-Leone and R. Martyn Bracewell},
  journal={European Journal of Neuroscience},
  year={2013},
  volume={38}
}
A range of techniques are now available for modulating the activity of the brain in healthy people and people with neurological conditions. These techniques, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial current stimulation (tCS, which includes direct and alternating current), create magnetic or electrical fields that cross the intact skull and affect neural processing in brain areas near to the scalp location where the stimulation is delivered. TMS and tCS have proved to… 
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