Chain elongation in anaerobic reactor microbiomes to recover resources from waste.

@article{Spirito2014ChainEI,
  title={Chain elongation in anaerobic reactor microbiomes to recover resources from waste.},
  author={Catherine M Spirito and Hanno Richter and Korneel Rabaey and Alfons J M Stams and Largus T. Angenent},
  journal={Current opinion in biotechnology},
  year={2014},
  volume={27},
  pages={115-22}
}
Different microbial pathways can elongate the carbon chains of molecules in open cultures of microbial populations (i.e. reactor microbiomes) under anaerobic conditions. Here, we discuss three such pathways: 1. homoacetogenesis to combine two carbon dioxide molecules into acetate; 2. succinate formation to elongate glycerol with one carbon from carbon dioxide; and 3. reverse β oxidation to elongate short-chain carboxylates with two carbons into medium-chain carboxylates, leading to more energy… CONTINUE READING