Cervical electromyographic activity during low-speed rear impact

@article{Magnusson1999CervicalEA,
  title={Cervical electromyographic activity during low-speed rear impact},
  author={Marianne L. Magnusson and Malcolm Henry Pope and Leif Hasselquist and Kristin M. Bolte and Michaela Ross and Vijay Kumar Goel and Jung Sub Lee and Kaye Spratt and C. Richard Clark and David G. Wilder},
  journal={European Spine Journal},
  year={1999},
  volume={8},
  pages={118-125}
}
Whiplash motion of the neck is characterized by having an extension-flexion motion of the neck. It has been previously assumed that muscles do not play a role in the injury. Eight healthy males were seated in a car seat mounted on a sled. The sled was accelerated by a spring mechanism. Muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity was measured by wire electrodes in semispinalis capitis, splenius capitis, and levator scapulae. Surface EMG activity was measured over trapezius and sternocleidomastoideus… CONTINUE READING

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