Cerebrovascular diseases and depression: epidemiology, mechanisms and treatment.

  title={Cerebrovascular diseases and depression: epidemiology, mechanisms and treatment.},
  author={Friedrich Goethe and Daniela Enache and Lars Olaf Wahlund and Bengt Winblad and Militta Crisby and Johan L{\"o}kk and Dag Aarsland},
  journal={Panminerva medica},
  volume={54 3},
Both cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and depression are common conditions in the elderly, and there is emerging evidence of a bi-directional relationship: 1) depression can cause CVD and stroke, transient ischemic attack; and 2) subcortical CVD are associated with increased risk for depression. The frequency of poststroke depression is highest during the first month after the stroke, but remains high even after several years. Depression is associated with poorer functional prognosis and higher… CONTINUE READING
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