Cerebrospinal fluid mononuclear cell counts influence CSF HIV-1 RNA levels.

Abstract

This study evaluated the relation between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) mononuclear cells (MNC) and CSF HIV-1 RNA levels. HIV-1 RNA levels in plasma and CSF were analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 58 consecutive patients with neurologic symptoms and late HIV-1 infection. The majority of the patients had no central nervous system (CNS) complication (n = 36), 11 had AIDS dementia complex (ADC) and 11 had CNS opportunistic infection (CNS OI). CSF cell counts were analyzed using a method that also evaluated hypocellular CSF (i.e., from 0.1 x 10(6) cells/L). A strong correlation was found between CSF MNC and CD4+ lymphocyte counts in blood (r = 0.58; p < .0001). HIV-1 RNA was detected in all plasma samples and in 38 of 58 (66%) of the cell-free CSF samples. CSF HIV-1 RNA was less frequently detected in patients with hypocellular CSF than in patients with normocellular or pleocytic CSF (13 of 28 patients [46%] versus 10 of 14 patients [71%] versus 15 of 16 patients [94%], respectively). The levels of CSF HIV-1 RNA correlated with the CSF MNC count (r = 0.61; p < .0001). The correlation also remained strong within the clinical subgroups of CNS asymptomatic patients (r = 0.55; p < .001) and ADC patients (r = 0.79; p < .001), but not among CNS OI patients (r = 0.19). Patients with CNS OI were found to have higher CSF HIV-1 RNA levels than the patients without evidence of CNS complication. Thus, a close relation was found between CSF HIV-1 RNA levels and CSF MNC counts. These data support the hypothesis that a substantial part of the virus in the CSF of HIV-1-infected patients is locally produced by CSF MNC.

Statistics

0204060'01'03'05'07'09'11'13'15'17
Citations per Year

170 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 170 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Martin1998CerebrospinalFM, title={Cerebrospinal fluid mononuclear cell counts influence CSF HIV-1 RNA levels.}, author={Claes Martin and Jan Albert and Patrik Hansson and P O Pehrsson and Hans Link and Anders S{\"{o}nnerborg}, journal={Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association}, year={1998}, volume={17 3}, pages={214-9} }