Cerebral anoxia and disability

  title={Cerebral anoxia and disability},
  author={Anne Peskine and Christine Picq and Pascale Pradat-Diehl},
  journal={Brain Injury},
  pages={1243 - 1254}
Objectives: To describe the sequelae of cerebral anoxia following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, to study the functional outcome and to seek a link between the acute stage and the disability. Method: A retrospective study was performed. The initial findings and the neurological and neuropsychological status are recorded of 12 patients admitted to the rehabilitation unit for after-effects of cerebral anoxia following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Results: After clinical and neuropsychological… 

Neurological sequelae after cerebral anoxia

This retrospective study confirms the predominant part of executive, memory and behavioural impairments after cardiac arrest, and cannot provide prognosis factors and further prognosis studies are needed.

Neuropsychological profile of persons with anoxic brain injury: Differences regarding physiopathological mechanism

This study shows that memory problems are the most prominent and relevant impairment, although all other cognitive functions are also impaired, affecting both memory itself and general behaviour.

ong-term neurological outcome after cardiac arrest and therapeutic ypothermia

Mild cognitive impairment is common following hypothermia-treated cardiac arrest but has little effect on activities of daily living or quality of life.

Resuscitating the heart but losing the brain

The identified neuroanatomical pattern of brain tissue loss substantiates the reports of wide-ranging neuropsychological impairments in patients after cardiac arrest, namely, amnestic deficits and apathy.

Communicative and swallowing disorders in anoxic patients: A retrospective studyon clinical outcomes and performance measures.

Results show that dysphagia is a frequent and severe outcome in anoxic patients, whereas communication disorders (aphasia and dysarthria) are less severe, and ABI patients seem to be positively sensitive to an intensive rehabilitation program.

Apathy and Cognitive Deficits in Patients with Transient Global Ischemia After Cardiac Arrest

Transient global ischemia after cardiac arrest generally leads to a broad pattern of cognitive decline with predominating memory deficits, and apathy is a frequent sequela and is associated with cognitive deficits, independent of depression.

Cognitive sequelae of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury: a review.

The most common types of post-hypoxic cognitive impairments are reviewed and suggestions for the nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic neurorehabilitation of these problems are offered.

[Neuropsychological tests in a group of patients with ischaemic heart disease].

Cognitive dysfunctions are widespread effect among IHD patients and can result in problems with understanding, learning new information and difficulties in following medical recommendations which may cause consecutive hospitalisations.



Severe anoxia with and without concomitant brain atrophy and neuropsychological impairments

An important finding of this study is that even though subjects with an anoxic insult exhibit severe cognitive and memory impairments along with concomitant morphologic changes, their attention/concentration abilities appear to be preserved.

Cognitive functioning of adult survivors of cerebral hypoxia.

  • B. Wilson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Brain injury
  • 1996
The cognitive functioning of the 18 patients was variable, with the greatest number showing deficits of memory and executive functioning, and the remaining four patients were very severely impaired intellectually (VSI), with widespread cognitive deficits precluding the use of neuropsychological assessment procedures designed for adults.

Multiple Neuropsychological Deficits Due to Anoxic Encephalopathy: A Case Study

Adult survivors of severe cerebral hypoxia--case series survey and comparative analysis.

The results of the present survey when compared with Wilson's earlier work provide a larger total data-set from which to draw conclusions and has implications for practitioners who see such patients and are involved in their multidisciplinary management and rehabilitation.

Encéphalopathie anoxique après incompétence cardio-circulatoire. Etude neuropathologique à propos de 16 cas.

: Sixteen cases of anoxic encephalopathy in adult patients admitted to the intensive Care Department of Raymond Poincare Hospital (Garches) have been selected on the following criteria: resuscitation

The prognostication of cerebral hypoxia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in adults.

Although prognostic criteria which enable the clinician to stop treatment cannot be given at the present time, useful applications of early prognostication after cardiac arrest range from counseling of families, triage decisions, and do-not-resuscitate decisions to future clinical investigations of brain resuscitative measures.

Anoxic brain damage after cardiac resuscitation.

Acute oxygen deprivation: neuropsychological profiles and implications for rehabilitation

Investigating areas of neuropsychological functioning in severe anoxia survivors that have received little prior attention but that have significant implications for rehabilitation can assist rehabilitation professionals in better serving anoxic encephalopathy survivors, particularly those with profound behavioural dysregulation.