Cerebral Localization in Antiquity

  title={Cerebral Localization in Antiquity},
  author={F. C. Rose},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  pages={239 - 247}
  • F. C. Rose
  • Published 2009
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
  • Fragments of neurology can be found in the oldest medical writings in antiquity. Recognizable cerebral localization is seen in Egyptian medical papyri. Most notably, the Edwin Smith papyrus describes hemiplegia after a head injury. Similar echoes can be seen in Homer, the Bible, and the pre-Hippocratic writer Alcmaeon of Croton. While Biblical writers thought that the heart was the seat of the soul, Hippocratic writers located it in the head. Alexandrian anatomists described the nerves, and… CONTINUE READING
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