Ceramic abutments and ceramic oral implants. An update.

  title={Ceramic abutments and ceramic oral implants. An update.},
  author={Ralf Joachim Kohal and Wael Att and Maria B{\"a}chle and Frank Butz},
  journal={Periodontology 2000},
Dental implants are considered an essential treatment modality. Published data have demonstrated high success rates for implants placed in partially edentulous arches for the replacement of both single teeth (42, 66, 88) and multiple teeth (87, 117, 121, 163, 200). However, the use of implants to replace missing teeth in the aesthetic zone is challenging (64, 127, 211). The restorations are subjected, especially in patients with a gummy smile or a high lip line, to direct visual comparison with… CONTINUE READING


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