Cephalic phase insulin release in healthy humans after taste stimulation?

@article{Just2008CephalicPI,
  title={Cephalic phase insulin release in healthy humans after taste stimulation?},
  author={Tino Just and Hans Wilhelm Pau and Ulrike Engel and Thomas Hummel},
  journal={Appetite},
  year={2008},
  volume={51},
  pages={622-627}
}
In humans little is known as to whether taste solutions applied to the tongue elicit cephalic phase insulin release (CPIR). The aim of this study was to re-examine if any effect of different taste solutions on CPIR occurs. Under fasting conditions healthy human subjects sipped, and washed out their mouths with eight taste solutions (sucrose, saccharin, acetic acid, sodium chloride, quinine hydrochloride, distilled water, starch, and sodium glutamate) for 45 s and spat them out again. The taste… Expand
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TLDR
It is suggested that nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners in solution are not adequate stimuli for the elicitation of CPIR. Expand
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TLDR
It is concluded that sweetness information conducted by thistaste nerve provides essential information for eliciting cephalic phase insulin release (CPIR), which is a characteristic of CPIR that occurs before the rise of the plasma glucose level. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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