Central cardiovascular pressures during graded water immersion in humans.

@article{Gabrielsen1993CentralCP,
  title={Central cardiovascular pressures during graded water immersion in humans.},
  author={Anders Gabrielsen and Lars Bo Johansen and Peter Norsk},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={1993},
  volume={75 2},
  pages={581-5}
}
Thermoneutral (34.9 degrees C) water immersion (WI) was conducted with 12 upright seated normal males at four consecutive water levels (5-10 min each): knee (reference), xiphoid process, fourth intercostal space, and sternoclavicular notch. Thereafter, water was let out of the tank and the experiment was repeated from the neck to the knees at the same levels. Arterial pulse pressure (PP), central venous pressure (CVP), and transmural CVP (TCVP = CVP - esophageal pressure; n = 4) gradually… CONTINUE READING