Central and Peripheral Biomarkers of Stress Response for Addiction Risk and Relapse Vulnerability.

Abstract

Substance use disorders (SUDs) are marked by heterogeneity in clinical symptomatology and high relapse rates following treatment. Here, we describe specific peripheral and central stress responses associated with the pathophysiology of SUDs. We outline potential stress response measures, including hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis markers, autonomic… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.molmed.2017.12.010

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