Cellular and molecular basis of Venous insufficiency

Abstract

Chronic venous disease (CVD) has a range of clinical presentations, including tortuous, distended veins in lower extremities, increasing skin pigmentation, and in severe cases ulceration of the affected skin. Venous insufficiency, a precursor to CVD characterized by improper return of blood from the lower extremities to the heart, must be studied in its… (More)
DOI: 10.1186/s13221-014-0024-5

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2 Figures and Tables