HC-HA/PTX3 Purified From Amniotic Membrane as Novel Regenerative Matrix: Insight Into Relationship Between Inflammation and Regeneration
- Scheffer C. G. Tseng
- Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
After activation CD4(+) helper T cells differentiate into T-helper (Th) 1 or Th2 effector cells. These two subsets are characterized by their distinct cytokine expression pattern and the immune function they mediate. Over the past years, a number of factors have been identified to affect helper T cell lineage determination, including antigen receptor, coreceptors and, most importantly, cytokine environment. In this review, we also summarize recent advancement in understanding of transcriptional and signaling regulation of the differentiation process. This knowledge will become important in the future to develop means in treating immune disorders.